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Breast Cancer Awareness Month



October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, an annual campaign to raise awareness about the impact of breast cancer.


Did you know that breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers among American women? In fact, as of January 2022, there are more than 3.8 million women with a history of breast cancer in the U.S.


What are some risk factors?

● Being a Woman

● Aging

● Family History of breast cancer

● Gene mutations (ex. BRCA gene mutation)

● Radiation to Chest or Face Before Age 30

● Being Overweight

● Using HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy)

● Drinking Alcohol

● Dense Breasts

● Lack of Exercise

● Smoking


What can you do for early detection?

1. Mammogram

a. Mammogram is an x-ray that examines the breast tissue for any suspicious areas.

b. Starting at the age of 40, women should discuss with their primary care provider on when & how often to get mammograms.

c. Women younger than 40 with risk factors for breast cancer should ask their PCP whether mammograms are advisable.


2. Well-Women Exam

a. It is recommended that women visit their family primary care provider or gynecologist each year for a Well-Woman Exam. The PCP may perform a breast exam to check for :

● Lumps and other abnormalities in breast, underarm, and collarbone area

● Nipple discharge

● Rash, dimpling, change in skin texture, or other abnormal signs to the breast skin


3. Self-Breast Exam (SBE)

a. Adult women should perform SBEs monthly, about 7-10 days after their menstrual cycle starts (when breasts are the least tender & lumpy).

b. If no longer menstruating, then select the same date each month to perform this exam (ex. first of each month).

c. Assess for any changes in breasts (lumps, skin changes, etc) & follow up with PCP for any abnormal findings for further evaluation.


Healthy Habits to incorporate:

● Eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.

● Get regular physical activity.

● Maintain a healthy weight.

● Limit alcohol intake to no more than one drink per day.

● Do not smoke. Or, quit smoking.


Reference:

https://www.breastcancer.org/facts-statistics

https://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-cancer-risk-factors

https://www.breastcancer.org/risk/risk-factors


Instagram: @wellnesswithroshni

Email: wellnesswithroshni@gmail.com



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